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      當前位置:主頁 > 雜文 > 經典雜文 >

      辭“大義”——出自《而已集》

      發布時間:2017-04-07 23:17 | 作者:魯迅 | 來源:而已集 | 瀏覽: 次|類別:經典雜文

        我自從去年得罪了正人君子們的“孤桐先生”,弄得六面碰壁,只好逃出北京以后,默默無語,一年有零。以為正人君子們忘記了這個“學棍”了罷,--哈哈,并沒有。
        印度有一個泰戈爾。這泰戈爾到過震旦來,改名竺震旦。因為這竺震旦做過一本《新月集》,所以這震旦就有了一個新月社〔2〕,--中間我不大明白了--現在又有一個叫作新月書店的。這新月書店要出版的有一本《閑話》,這本《閑話》的廣告里有下面這幾句話:“……魯迅先生(語絲派首領)所仗的大義,他的戰略,讀過《華蓋集》的人,想必已經認識了。但是現代派的義旗,和它的主將--西瀅先生的戰略,我們還沒有明了。……”
        “派”呀,“首領”呀,這種謚法實在有些可怕。不遠就又會有人來誚罵。甲道:看哪!魯迅居然稱為首領了。天下有這種首領的么?乙道:他就專愛虛榮。人家稱他首領,他就滿臉高興。我親眼看見的。
        但這是我領教慣的教訓了,并不為奇。這回所覺得新鮮而惶恐的,是忽而將寶貴的“大義”硬塞在我手里,給我豎起大旗來,叫我和“現代派”的“主將”去對壘。我早已說過:公理和正義,都被正人君子奪去了,所以我已經一無所有〔3〕。大義么,我連它是圓柱形的呢還是橢圓形的都不知道,叫我怎么“仗”?
        “主將”呢,自然以有“義旗”為體面罷。不過我沒有這么冠冕。既不成“派”,也沒有做“首領”,更沒有“仗”過“大義”。更沒有用什么“戰略”,因為我未見廣告以前,竟沒有知道西瀅先生是“現代派”的“主將”,--我總當他是一個嘍羅兒。
        我對于我自己,所知道的是這樣的。我想,“孤桐先生”尚在,“現代派”該也未必忘了曾有人稱我為“學匪”,“學棍”,“刀筆吏”的,而今忽假“魯迅先生”以“大義”者,但為廣告起見而已。
        嗚呼,魯迅魯迅,多少廣告,假汝之名以行!
        九月三日。
        【注解】
        〔1〕本篇最初發表于一九二七年十月一日《語絲》周刊第一五一期。
        〔2〕新月社以一些資產階級知識分子為核心的文學和政治團體。約成立于一九二三年,主要人物為胡適、徐志摩、梁實秋、羅隆基等。該社取名于泰戈爾的詩集《新月集》,曾以詩社的名義于一九二六年夏天借北京《晨報副刊》版面出過《詩刊》(周刊)十一期;一九二七年該社分子多數南下,在上海創辦新月書店,于一九二八年三月發刊綜合性的《新月》月刊。他們原來依附北洋政府,后來轉而投靠蔣介石政權。
        〔3〕“公理”和“正義”,是現代評論派陳西瀅等人在支持章士釗、楊蔭榆壓迫女師大學生時經常使用的字眼。一九二五年十一月底,當女師大學生斗爭勝利,回校復課時,陳西瀅、王世杰等人又組織所謂“教育界公理維持會”,反對女師大復校,支持章士釗另立女子大學。作者在《新的薔薇》一文中曾說:“公理是只有一個的。然而聽說這早被他們拿去了,所以我已經一無所有。”(見《華蓋集續編》)
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